Metro stations, underground travel between art and design

From Kwik Stamped Concrete

In many metropolises around the world, traveling means penetrating the underground universe of cities to discover metro stations that over the years have become real tourist destinations, art galleries or surprising spaces that deserve to be visited or visited. Even if the subway is often a place (or rather a non-place as the French philosopher Marc Augé has taught us ) in which millions of people meet without entering into a relationship, driven above all by the frenzy of accelerating daily operations, many underground stops have been transformed into pieces of architecture, art and history fascinating, able to combine infrastructural needs with the pleasure of culture.

Journey through images and projects
Here is a gallery with the 10 most beautiful metro stations in the world, starting from Europe and reaching Russia, China and America. Installations, works of art, mosaics, colors and settings have transformed the journey on the subway into a pleasant and lively experience; sometimes they constitute a real widespread museum system , an underground art gallery that involves several metro stations in a single project: this is what happens for example in Naples (with the so-called ‘ Metro of the Art of Naples ‘) Stockholm , Munich or Prague.

Tracks, spaces and reality
Different styles, references to the past, projections into the future: in the belly of the big cities the metro stations coalesce a series of experiences in the daily journeys made by the people who frequent them. These places become a space other than the city but they are an integral and pulsating part of it. And as in the cases that we tell you in images, they become a symbol, underground but omnipresent.

Design gardens and terraces: concrete floors

The use of cement conglomerate for outdoor paving is very common, both in the form of prefabricated elements such as solid wood or slabs, and by cast in situ .

The large surfaces can be treated with architectural floors in cement conglomerate with exposed gravel effect , which thanks to the color gradation of the aggregates allow to manage the final yield of the surface, giving a natural and lasting effect.

Architectural concrete paving with gray gravel (Photo Archive Marsiglilab)
For use on large surfaces, in the casting it is necessary to provide expansion joints every 2-3 meters , which can become ornamental motifs if prepared with other materials.
Prefabricated slabs are generally square (30 to 50 centimeters) or rectangular (60 x 40 centimeters) with a thickness between 35 and 40 millimeters.

The concrete slabs can be laid dry on a sand bed with a thickness of 4-5 centimeters, or on a bed of bastard mortar . Sealing can be done with dry fine sand or cement grout.

The use of self – locking concrete blocks is very widespread , as they have the qualities of adaptability and versatility due to the great variety of sizes and colors. For the installation, the blocks have spacer profiles to simplify the approach and keep the distance between the joints constant.

Paver green
Very interesting are the self-locking grating elements in vibrocompressed concrete for the realization of drive-over grassy floors : in the holes of the grilled element it is possible to place arable vegetable soil that allows the growth of herbaceous plants. A permeable surface is thus obtained which allows the permeation of meteoric water, maintaining the hydrogeological balance of the site.
These gratings are installed on a leveled sand foundation and a stabilized layer sized according to use.

The most frequent use of this type of solution is in car parks and driveways , especially when a more discreet entry is required.
Consider that the driveway needs a sub-irrigation system and its use is effective only in not too hot climates.

Exterior design and vases: what materials?

Exterior design: how to choose vases for gardens and terraces

Exterior design: glass verandas and winter gardens
The author

Filippo Marsigli

Filippo Marsigli Rossi Lombardi, born in Bologna in 1970, graduated from the University of Bologna at the Faculty of Agriculture and completed his studies in London, with a specialization course in Landscape Architecture at the Inchbald School of Design (1996-1997 ). During his time in London he collaborated with the studio “The Master Gardeners design consultant and landscape contractors” with John Plummer and Andrew Perley, working on the design and restoration of historic parks and public gardens, and then started, in 1998, the London study of design and construction of “Mediterranean Garden Landscape Architects” gardens. Back in Italy, in 1999, he worked as an associate at Studio Creative and since 2001 he has also started his teaching activity at the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Bologna.

How to Look for the Best Designed Compactors

How to Look for the Best Designed Compactors

If you go over the market today, you are probably going to find several new designs and features for compacting machines. All of these designs are what companies claim to be the newest and the best in the market. And with the number of it all, you could end up getting confused as to what specific model to get. So if you need assistance, here are a few tips and information on what specific designs you should look for in three wheel or four wheel compactors to assure better performance and work output!

One of the biggest concerns for any compacting machine is the wheels. This is because this is the part of the equipment that is the center of all the work. Wheels are the ones who make the entire equipment mobile and they are the ones who do the grinding and the crushing and the compacting as well. So it is always a good move to focus on the best and the newest wheel designs to make the most out of your investment – especially for garbage and landfill compactors. One of the most famous wheel designs today is the wheels with Pin-on teeth. This design was made to specifically answer the problem of debris getting stuck on the wheels during operations – which cause a painful delay to the work. Thus, they have come up with self a cleaning wheel that has the ability to remove any kind of debris stick in its teeth or wheel crevices. The cleaner your wheels are during the operation, the better it can compact your junk or soil.

Aside from that, another wheel design that is worth mentioning is the tamping wheel tip design. This wheel design has protrusions in them to assure you of better traction and hold. This is especially useful in soil compactors that are often used in uneven or rugged terrain. With this design, you are sure of a better hold on the ground and better stability of your heavy equipment.

And finally, there are high-density steel compaction wheels. A high-density wheel is a feature that will assure you of better compaction per square unit area of garbage, land or soil covered by your compacting machine. Now, this has always been a priority for machine operators because an effective compactor that can effectively compact a squire area of soil or garbage in one single run will save tons of time and money on operations.

So there you have it: all the necessary wheel designs that you should be looking for when buying a compacting machine. Investments like these are always very costly so make sure that you invest in the best possible soil compactor that will not only feature the newest designs and the specs stated above but can also function and stand the rigors or everyday operations; so make quality and design top priority at all times to keep operations going as smooth and as hitch-free as possible!